One Hundred Years After Gallipoli

From Ataturk to Erdogan

Steven A. Cook
A ceremony marking the 100th anniversary of Battle of Canakkale, part of the Gallipoli campaign, March 18, 2015.
A ceremony marking the 100th anniversary of Battle of Canakkale, part of the Gallipoli campaign, March 18, 2015. (Osman Orsal / Reuters)
For Gallipoli’s Turkish defenders, the battle was an important victory in defense of the Ottoman Empire. Paradoxically, it also became a touchstone of the nationalism that was so important to the establishment of the Republic of Turkey less than a decade later. Likewise, celebrations planned for the battle’s centenary reflect the tension between the valorization of the Ottoman era and the hallowed memory of Mustafa Kemal—Ataturk—modern Turkey’s founder.
Essay

The G-Word

Thomas de Waal
A century on, discussions about the Ottoman massacre of Armenians are still dominated by questions surrounding the use of one fraught and divisive word: “Genocide.” Washington should use the term but also recognize its many limitations.
Snapshot

China Comes to Djibouti

John Lee
Tiny Djibouti in the Horn of Africa is a key strategic outpost for U.S. armed forces. But with China getting in on the act, Washington would do well to pay more attention to the country—or risk losing its foothold there.
Letter From

In Jordan, Problems and Politics Are Local

David Schenker
In the course of two hours, Rudaynah al Otti, a Jordanian parliamentarian, saw almost 20 of her constituents. She was courteous (she always started by asking about her constituent’s family) but then got straight to business. This is politics in Jordan.
Campaign placards placed on seats, ahead of a speech by Britain's opposition Labour Party leader Ed Miliband on health, at a cam
Snapshot
Matthew Johnson

The United Kingdom is set to go to the polls to select among a wider variety of parties than ever before. At stake in this election is more than control of Westmister. Indeed, it is the concept of British identity as a whole.

A police officer attends the opening ceremony of the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism conference in Miami, Florida
Snapshot
Adam Mount

On Monday, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry will travel to New York to convince the world that the United States is working toward a world free of nuclear weapons. He has a stronger case than you might think.

Essay
John M. Owen IV

The Muslim world today is going through religious turmoil similar to that which raged across northwestern Europe 450 years ago. The West’s own history of ideological and religious radicalism offers key lessons for understanding and managing modern-day crises elsewhere.

Snapshot
Benjamin Brake

In the wake of the Snowden revelations, it has become more difficult for governments to conduct surveillance operations. As a result, black and gray markets for anti-encryption software have boomed.

Kurdish Peshmerga forces celebrate on the eve of Newroz Day, a festival marking their spring and the Persian New Year, in Kirkuk
Snapshot
Denise Natali

Within Iraq and Syria, the U.S.-led campaign against ISIS relies heavily on Kurdish Peshmerga. But the Peshmerga haven’t been a total success story; Peshmerga forces are using coalition air strikes to engineer territorial and demographic changes that are antagonizing Sunni Arabs—the very communities the United States needs on its side to degrade ISIS.

Response
Sue Mi Terry and Max Boot

The case of North Korea clearly exposes the dangers of the United States seeking a nuclear agreement with a state that has no intention of abiding by one. The United States’ experience with North Korea should make it wary of similar nuclear negotiations, especially with Iran.

Discussion