Beyond Ujamaa in Tanzania: Underdevelopment and an Uncaptured Peasantry

This Marxist critique of dependency theory argues, interestingly, that the main obstacle to development in Africa is not the relationship between capitalist metropole and African periphery, but rather the ability of African subsistence farmers to opt out of the modern economy. Having somewhat belabored this point, however, Hyden fails to justify his hasty conclusion that the African peasants' independence must be overcome by forcibly applied socialism.

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