Making Europe Unconquerable: The Potential of Civilian-Based Deterrence and Defense

Neither the policy of nuclear deterrence nor of a massive conventional arms buildup are attractive alternatives for European security-yet a combination of these remains the West's policy. The value of this thoughtful work is in the alternative it suggests: "civilian defense" through advance training for such actions against an intruder as mass public demonstrations, boycotts and strikes, demoralization of enemy troops, and the like. The author's proposals go against the grain of mainstream thinking, and to this reviewer leave many questions unanswered, but they are carefully put forward in a nonpolemical manner and clearly merit sustained attention and thought.

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