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The lack of a tradition of pluralistic democracy in post-Soviet Russia means that there will be many opportunities for "new forms of stultifying ideology", and no shortage of would-be leaders promising to restore Russia's former grandeur. The West, for its part, must take care to channel aid towards market-oriented democrats.
US entrepreneurs should look upon post-Soviet Russia "as a kind of new frontier", capable of being turned into a country whose wealth in the 21st century could be "the envy of the world".
Russia is being called upon to accomplish the 'conversion' of its military production capacity to civilian production, yet history shows that conversion policy, even in the USA, has never worked, because "defense work has little in common with civilian work". Defence conversion should not even be regarded 'conversion' at all: "Rather it is the result of two independent and parallel actions: shedding many elements of the defense sector; and absorbing those assets into a new entrepreneurial consumer sector. The way to increase the production of sausage-making machines is to expand the sausage factory... not to annoint the rocket makers as sausage makers... The bad news here is for the managers, most of whom become unsalvageable". It is the old corporate culture that has to be bulldozed out of the way.
"Fifty years of struggle against totalitarian powers have given American foreign policy an outlook and a set of maxims profoundly at odds with those that animated the founders of this nation. We have assumed traits against which they consciously rebelled; our distinctive 'raison d'état' has been lost". The task today is to restore American awareness of the danger to the republic from "war, debt and standing armies".
There will be a brief period of opportunity, perhaps a decade, in which the post-Cold War world can make use of the present 'new concert of powers'. "If this new system is not firmly established... the world may again lapse into a balance of power or an unworkable multipolar deterrence by the year 2000".
US foreign policy has had to resile from the heady optimism of the Bush administration, which "thought and acted like Nixon, but borrowed the rhetoric of Wilson and Carter". An examination of how the phrase 'new world order' has been interpreted in different quarters of the US policy-making establishment.
Non-alignment is an obsolete posture, and India has much work to do in mending regional relations, especially with China and Pakistan, as well as with the West.