September/October 2013

September/October 2013
92, 5

Comments

Comment
Matthias Matthijs

A British exit from the EU is now more likely than ever, thanks to Prime Minister David Cameron, who has caved in to his party’s right wing. But such a move would be disastrous--not only for the United Kingdom, but for the rest of Europe and the United States.

Comment
Jerry Patchell and Roger Hayter

To stop climate change, the international community should shift focus from setting targets countries can’t meet to compelling multinational corporations to act. The immense power wielded by a small number of companies might be just what is needed to save the planet.

Essays

Essay
Akbar Ganji

Ayatollah Ali Khamenei is not a crazy, irrational, or reckless zealot searching for opportunities for aggression, as this sweeping intellectual profile shows. That means there’s room for the United States and Iran to improve ties -- if Washington can convince Khamenei it’s not determined to overthrow the Islamic Republic.

Essay
Stephen Biddle

The Obama administration should either spend the political capital needed for an actual deal with the Taliban or cut its losses and get all the way out of Afghanistan now. So far, the White House has chosen neither path, opting to muddle through instead.

Essay
Karl W. Eikenberry

Counterinsurgency strategy, as applied in Afghanistan, rested on the assumption that it was feasible for the U.S. military to protect the Afghan population, that foreign aid could make the Afghan government more accountable, and that the Karzai administration shared U.S. goals. But all three assumptions turned out to be spectacularly incorrect.

Essay
Ruchir Sharma

Yes, India as a whole is slowing down. But the country’s most dynamic states -- under their very smart, albeit sometimes autocratic, leaders -- are still growing at or near double-digit rates, and represent India’s secret weapon for continuing to compete with the other major emerging markets.

Essay
Larry Diamond and Jack Mosbacher

Over the next decade, a massive wave of new oil and gas discoveries will transform Africa. If the resource curse plays out as it usually does, this oil boom will only serve to entrench authoritarian rule and inhibit democracy. Unless, that is, African governments embrace a radical approach: handing a large share of the new revenues directly to the people as taxable income.

Essay
Jason Stearns

The devastating conflict in Congo continues not just because of failures on the part of the Congolese and Rwandan governments but also because outside powers have bungled their response. They have focused on supporting the Congolese government when they should be using their aid as leverage to get officials in Kinshasa and Kigali to stop resorting to politically motivated violence.

Essay
David Kaye

Senate Republicans, who mistakenly view multilateral treaties as a grave threat to American sovereignty, have made it increasingly difficult for U.S. presidents to strike international agreements. But the White House hasn’t given up: instead, the executive branch has developed and expanded a patchwork of political and legal strategies to assert American interests abroad without the Senate’s involvement.

Essay
Mark Leonard

Many fear that the world will be torn apart as the gulf that separates China and the United States grows wider. But it is time to stop thinking that the two countries come from different planets and that the tensions between them are the product of their differences. In fact, until recently, China and the United States got along quite well -- precisely because their interests and attributes differed. Today, it is their increasing similarities that are driving the two apart.

Essay
Avery Goldstein

Much of the debate about China’s rise has focused on the potential dangers China could pose as a peer competitor bent on challenging the existing international order. But another issue is far more pressing. For at least the next decade, while China remains relatively weak compared to the United States, there is a real danger that Beijing and Washington will find themselves in a crisis that could quickly escalate to military conflict.

September/October 2013

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Interview

Interview
Macky Sall

In this exclusive interview, Senegal's president speaks candidly about democracy, development, regional security, and Obama.

Reviews & Responses

Review Essay
Taeku Lee

Ira Katznelson’s history of the New Deal digs deeper than conventional accounts, detailing how Franklin Roosevelt’s agenda relied on the support of segregationist southern Democrats. “Without the South,” Katznelson asserts, “there could have been no New Deal.”

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