Sudan

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Letter From,
Jérôme Tubiana

In April 2012, a small team of wandering miners discovered gold in the Jebel Amir hills of North Darfur, Sudan. One of the mines was so rich -- it reportedly brought millions of dollars to its owners -- that it was nicknamed “Switzerland.” Diggers rushed in from all over Sudan, bringing with them guns, gangs, and prostitutes.

Snapshot,
Brahma Chellaney

East Africa is one of the world’s most water-stressed regions. Overexploitation of water resources there has been compounded by declining snowpacks on Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya. In this light, the discovery of two significant aquifers in mostly arid Kenya has been hailed as a potential game changer.

Snapshot,
Alex de Waal and Abdul Mohammed

The ongoing turmoil in South Sudan could give the country's leaders a much-needed opportunity to reset the national agenda. They cannot afford to squander this moment, and their first task is a sober appraisal of what has gone so disastrously wrong.

Snapshot,
Andreas Wimmer

State formation has been the driving force behind modern conflict. But states themselves can also reverse the trend toward violence by becoming more inclusive.

Letter From,
Jérôme Tubiana

On both sides of the border between Sudan and South Sudan, rebels and minority groups insist that the demarcation is in the wrong place. Mediators have insisted that the new line become a soft border, one that gives freedom of movement, trade, residence, farming, and grazing to all. That idea is appealing, but making it work will require much more agility than Khartoum and Juba have yet shown.

Snapshot,
Alex de Waal

After one of the largest economic contractions in history, South Sudan is ready to make a comeback. Bringing the country's oil rigs back online will result in some immediate gains. Since oil production might have already reached its peak, however, long-term growth will likely come from exploiting the country's vast agricultural land.

Video,

Nicholas Kristof on the instability and violence against Nubans in the Southern Kordofan region of Sudan.

Snapshot,
Anne C. Richard

The success of the "KONY 2012" video shows the vast reserves of idealism and concern out there. Here is how to turn that concern into useful action.

Snapshot,
Andrew S. Natsios

In an attempt to one-up Khartoum, the newly independent South Sudan has twisted its oil spigot closed. But a shuttered oil sector is just the beginning of Omar al-Bashir's problems: Juba sees him as weak, a new alliance of fighters in the east is plotting to overthrow him, and Sudan's economy is in tatters.

Postscript,
Andrew S. Natsios

Violence in Sudan's disputed region of Abyei threatens to unravel the fragile peace gained from January's secession vote in the south. Before full-scale war erupts, Washington must press Khartoum for restraint and reform -- and fast.

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