Southern Africa

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Ricardo Soares De Oliveira

The countries of East Africa are in the early throes of an oil boom, with an unprecedented opportunity for economic development. Unless they avoid the mistakes of those before them, though, the region's governments could easily squander it.

Alexander Kasterine

Wildlife trade bans are failing because they have run into the same basic problem as the war on drugs. Prohibitions on trading wildlife products such as tusks and timber have ultimately made them more valuable. And criminal organizations have moved in and taken over the market.

Ryan Irwin

Nelson Mandela lived one of the great lives of the twentieth century: he was an international icon who brought democratic rule and human rights to South Africa. But to thrive in the twenty-first century, the country needs not hope and activism but technocrats and engineers who can develop workable solutions to the messy realities of urban blight and rural poverty.

Gwen McClure

Once more, torture is rampant in South Africa. Unlike under apartheid, the victims are not political prisoners but young men, mostly in poor and lawless townships, who are suspected of petty crime. And that is why many South Africans are willing to turn a blind eye.

Michael Bratton

Unlike in 2008, Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe will probably not have to use brutal violence to triumph in today's elections. He has put in place a system of security, legal, fiscal, and administrative measures so rigged in his favor that force will be unnecessary.

Essay, May/June 2013
Shantayanan Devarajan and Wolfgang Fengler

Sub-Saharan Africa’s GDP has grown five percent a year since 2000 and is expected to grow even faster in the future. Although pessimists are quick to point out that this growth has followed increases in commodities prices, the success of recent political reforms and the increased openness of African societies give the region a good chance of sustaining its boom for years to come.

Essay, Nov/Dec 2010
Stewart Patrick

A major strategic challenge for the United States in the coming decades will be integrating emerging powers into international institutions. To hold the postwar order together, the United States will have to become a more consistent exemplar of multilateral cooperation.

Michael Lyon Baker

A new U.S. emphasis on African maritime development -- dedicated not only to rooting out piracy but also renovating ports and investing in job creation -- could improve African security and economic growth.

Essay, Sep/Oct 2010
Jorge G. Castañeda

The world’s leading international institutions may be outmoded, but Brazil, China, India, and South Africa are not ready to join the helm. Their shaky commitment to democracy, human rights, nuclear nonproliferation, and environmental protection would only weaken the international system’s core values.

Comment, Jul/Aug 2010
Robert I. Rotberg

Zimbabwe has been ruled by a unity government since 2008, but President Robert Mugabe and his party continue to usurp power and pillage the country's wealth.

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