Sri Lanka

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Snapshot,
William McGowan

Militant Buddhism was a driving force behind the 25-year war between Sri Lanka's majority Sinhalese and minority Tamils. Combative monks remain, inflaming religious tensions on the island and threatening to shake up the country's fragile peace.

Snapshot,
Amita Shastri

Sri Lanka has defeated the Tamil Tigers. But more than two months later, the country’s refugee camps are still full and political reconciliation has not begun. Is a lasting peace possible?

Essay, Winter 1992
Charles H. Percy

American political and business leaders need to capitalize on a groundswell of democratic and market-opriented reforms underway in this oft-neglected region in the world. "Washington must discard its Cold War approach to relations with south Asia and stop viewing the region primarily in terms of its potential threat to U.S. interests"; a rapidly growing south Asian middle-class is creating one of the "world's most important emerging markets" and bolstering regional stability.

Essay, Fall 1987
Robert A. Scalapino

Three issues preoccupy Asia's leaders (1) economic strategy (2) political stability versus greater openness (3) regionalism. The accelerating socio-economic revolution presents challenges to both the Marxist and the democratic states. There is a requirement for increased public participation, greater local autonomy and more regional and international interaction. On balance the odds favouring a largely peaceful revolution are lengthening.

Essay, Special 1985
Alan D. Romberg

Over two decades, Americans have come to expect dynamic economic growth and relative political stability in East Asia. Until recently, China was the perennial exception, and the Soviets had no regional role to speak of. Today, these judgments are being reexamined. The region is not necessarily in trouble, but it is in ferment, and the future is less sure--for itself and for American interests--than it seemed even a short while ago. Furthermore, the economic and political stirrings are not of a short-term nature; they involve generational and systemic transitions within the region and shifting roles for external actors, including the United States and, now, the Soviet Union.

Essay, Special 1984
Takashi Oka

East Asia was a stable region in 1984, marked by general progress toward the goals laid down by the various national leaderships. In Japan, Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone's election to a second two-year term signified continuity in foreign policy and particularly in the partnership between Washington and Tokyo. Not only is the close security relationship with the United States being maintained; Japan also began significant movement toward a modest but increasing political role in global affairs.

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