Burma & Myanmar

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Nikolay Anguelov

Nearly two years after the United States lifted its economic sanctions on Naypyidaw, the ruling military regime has stalled reforms. And worst yet, members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations don't seem to mind.

Stanley A. Weiss and Tim Heinemann

Most of Myanmar’s most desirable natural resources are located in the ethnic-minority-dominated borderlands that surround the country like a horseshoe. If Western businesses attempt to invest in those areas without also pushing the central government for greater federalism and dialogue, it will be playing a direct role in a slow-motion apartheid.

Letter From,
Eric Randolph

In its rush to fete Myanmar's president, Thein Sein, and capitalize on the country's tentative opening, the international community has turned a blind eye toward the ongoing repression of minorities and the continued political dominance of the military. In doing so, it has given up much of its leverage over Sein at the very time when it should be pushing for clearer commitments to reconciliation and democracy.

Sebastian Strangio

Critics accused U.S. President Barack Obama of acting prematurely by traveling to Myanmar, a country whose democratic transition is still woefully incomplete. But the real reason for the rapid thaw in U.S.-Myanmar ties is geopolitical: both countries want to offset China’s influence in the region.

Brian P. Klein

Alongside Myanmar's political reforms, tens of billions of dollars of foreign direct investment are flowing into the country. But investors chasing high returns have overwhelmed fragile, newly opened economies in the past, and Rangoon's undeveloped financial sector, fledgling commodities market, and weak governance structures all warrant caution.

Michael Green

Although freeing Aung Suu Kyi may allow Burma’s military leaders to escape scrutiny for now, their budding nuclear ambitions could rejuvenate international interest in placing pressure on their regime.

Essay, Nov/Dec 2007
Michael Green and Derek Mitchell

Over the past decade, Burma has gone from being an antidemocratic embarrassment and humanitarian disaster to being a serious threat to its neighbors' security. The international community must change its approach to the country's junta.

Essay, Nov/Dec 2002
Joshua Kurlantzick

Myanmar, the country formerly know as Burma, faces a burgeoning economic disaster and a looming HIV/AIDS epidemic. In responding to these crises, the United States and its allies should employ both the promise of aid and the threat of sanctions to prod the country's military rulers toward democracy.

Comment, Jan/Feb 2000
Brannon P. Denning and Jack H. McCall

Sanctions slapped on foreign countries by U.S. cities and states are starting to be struck down by the courts, and rightly so. America can afford only one foreign policy.

Essay, Spring 1989
Maureen Aung-Thwin

Reviews the outlook for democracy in Burma, in the light of the 1988 riots which exposed the failure of the 'Burmese way to socialism'.

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