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Jason Pack

The violence tearing apart Libya might appear to be an ideological struggle. In fact, it is an economic competition between two rival criminal networks.

Essay, JUL/AUG 2014
Erica Chenoweth and Maria J. Stephan

Revolts against authoritarian regimes don’t always succeed -- but they’re more likely to if they embrace civil resistance rather than violence. Over the last century, nonviolent campaigns have been twice as likely to succeed as violent ones and they increase the chances that toppling a dictatorship will lead to peace and democracy.

Frederic Wehrey

Even as Susan Rice laid out the Obama administration's plans for a more modest Middle East policy last month, the U.S. military was preparing to step up its assistance in Libya and help the country build a new army. With all the security, economic, and political problems that await, it might be time to consider doing even more.

Timothy William Waters

Despite protests from Libya, the ICC's decision to try Saif al-Islam, the son of the Libyan dictator Muammar al-Qaddafi, might seem to offer a chance for real justice. It doesn't.

Lindsay Benstead, Ellen M. Lust, Jakob Wichmann

Nearly two years after NATO’s much-hailed intervention in Libya, observers fear that the country could become a failed state. Nevertheless, Libyans are optimistic about the country's future -- and for good reason.

Essay, Jan/Feb 2013
Sheri Berman

It’s easy to be pessimistic about the Arab Spring, given the post-revolutionary turmoil the Middle East is now experiencing. But critics forget that it takes time for new democracies to transcend their authoritarian pasts. As the history of political development elsewhere shows, things get better.

Essay, Jan/Feb 2013
Seth G. Jones

The Arab uprisings of 2011, once a great source of hope for democracy enthusiasts, have given way to sectarian clashes and political instability. The Middle East has not yet shed its authoritarian yoke, and the United States needs a policy that reflects that reality.

Jonathan Tepperman and Dirk Vandewalle

Managing Editor Jonathan Tepperman interviews Dartmouth College Professor Dirk Vandwalle on post-Qaddafi Libya, the ramifications of the Benghazi attack, and the lingering problem of rogue militias.

William McCants

The protests engulfing the Middle East go to the heart of who gets to police public morality in post-Arab Spring states. Salafis see themselves as the rightful guardians of the public sphere, and they are trying to ensure others see them that way, too.

Comment, Nov/Dec 2012
Dirk Vandewalle

In light of the killing of the U.S. ambassador, it’s tempting to be pessimistic about Libya. But just a year after the fall of a long-standing tyrant, the country is moving on and has peacefully elected a new government. As it turns out, building a functioning state from scratch can be a good thing.

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