Courtesy Reuters

Problems of Invasion and Occupation

IN the war's fourth year the United Nations have at long last arrived at the point where they face major tasks of handling territory wrested from the enemy. Russia's winter offensive brought back to her control vast stretches of twice-scorched land. In French North Africa, Tripolitania, Libya, Madagascar, parts of New Guinea and various smaller islands in the South Pacific the problem of controlling and restoring economic life behind the fighting fronts has already been presented. Yet in comparison with what lies ahead for the American and British expeditionary forces these liberated colonial territories were merely fields for experiment. Despite the peculiar difficulties they have presented their economic weight in the world is relatively small.

In the United States and Britain the preparatory work of economic research, planning and training of executive personnel for the administration of foreign economies is rapidly assuming imposing proportions.[i] Doubtless a great deal of similar work is being done in Soviet Russia, though independently of what is going on in the United States, Great Britain and Canada; also, it probably is of a different nature, since presumably it deals essentially with the problems in repossessed Russian territories.

Since the research and planning connected with this intelligence work is under the direction of the office of the joint chiefs of staff, much of it is veiled in secrecy. To protect the war's greatest military secret -- the place and time of the successive invasions that lie ahead -- the assignment given those planning for the occupation of liberated and enemy territories covers the entire European Continent, all the lands overrun by Japan, and Japan proper.

Not even the Germans, masters in meticulous planning, could be better equipped for systematically preparing the concrete details of invasion and occupation than are the Americans. The writer's earlier familiarity with the organization, methods and work of the German economic general staff, and ten years of observation of economic planning and research in the United States, put him in a position to

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