Essays for the Presidency

A Century's Worth of Candidates and Their Advisers Make Their Cases

The United States is an indirect democracy rather than a direct one; citizens rarely choose policies, but instead choose representatives to do that for them. But how can voters know what their representatives will do once elected, in order to make an informed choice? In part, by looking to their clearest and most authoritative policy manifestos. Foreign Affairs has long been the place for aspiring presidents and their advisers to present their foreign policy visions, and so with the 2016 campaign well under way, we decided to provide some context for it by pulling together nearly a century’s worth of campaign-related …

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