Hitler's Reich [Excerpt]
The First Phase
The Expansion of Japanese Rule
The Jews of Eastern Europe [Excerpt]
America Rearms [Excerpt]
Armistice at Munich [Excerpt]
Hitler Could Not Stop [Excerpt]
The Downfall of France [Excerpt]
Anglo-American Pitfalls [Excerpt]
Let Japan Choose [Excerpt]
Pearl Harbor: Documents: The Rising Sun in the Pacific
America at War: Three Bad Months [Excerpt]
Hitler's Transfers of Population in Eastern Europe [Excerpt]
The Spirit of Resistance [Excerpt]
America at War: The First Year [Excerpt]
America at War: The End of the Second Year [Excerpt]
The Road to D-Day [Excerpt]
America at War: The End Begins [Excerpt]
America at War: Victory in Europe [Excerpt]
America at War: Victory in the Pacific [Excerpt]
America at War: The Triumph of the Machine [Excerpt]
The Atomic Bombings Reconsidered
Political Problems of a Coalition [Excerpt]
Turning Points of the War
That Was Then: Allen W. Dulles on the Occupation of Germany [Excerpt]
The Nuremberg Trial: Landmark in Law [Excerpt]
The Sources of Soviet Conduct [Excerpt]
The Atom Bomb as Policy Maker [Excerpt]
The Illusion of World Government [Excerpt]
The Myth of Post–Cold War Chaos [Excerpt]
A great deal of ink has been shed in recent years describing various versions of the post-Cold War order. These attempts have all failed, because there is no such creature. The world order created in the 1940s is still with us, and in many ways stronger than ever. The challenge for American foreign policy is not to imagine and build a new world order but to reclaim and renew an old one -- an innovative and durable order that has been hugely successful and largely unheralded.
The end of the Cold War, the common wisdom holds, was a historical watershed. The collapse of communism brought the collapse of the order that took shape after World War II. While foreign policy theorists and officials scramble to design new grand strategies, the United States is rudderless on uncharted seas.
The common wisdom is wrong. What ended with the Cold War was bipolarity, the nuclear stalemate, and decades of containment of the Soviet Union -- seemingly the most dramatic and consequential features of the postwar era. But the world order created in the middle to late 1940s endures, more extensive and in some respects more robust than during its Cold War years. Its basic principles, which deal with organization and relations among the Western liberal democracies, are alive and well.
These less celebrated, less heroic, but more fundamental principles and policies -- the real international order -- include the commitment to an open world economy and its multilateral management, and the stabilization of socioeconomic welfare. And the political vision behind the order was as important as the anticipated economic gains. The major industrial democracies took it upon themselves to "domesticate" their dealings through a dense web of multilateral institutions, intergovernmental relations, and joint management of the Western and world political economies. . . .
World War II produced two postwar settlements. One, a reaction to deteriorating relations with the Soviet Union, led to the containment order, which was based on the balance of power, nuclear deterrence, and
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