Chili placed in the form of the Chinese national flag in Heshuo county, Xinjiang province, China, September 29, 2016.
Reuters

The troubled region of Xinjiang, in China’s northwest, has undergone a dramatic transformation over the last couple of months. Thousands of local police stations have cropped up across the region and tens of thousands of policemen have been recruited to man them around the clock.

These structures, known as convenience police stations, are part of the ruling Chinese Communist Party’s latest effort to stem the religious and ethnic violence that has long marred Xinjiang. Since the deadly Urumqi riots in 2009, in which the Uyghur minority clashed violently with ethnic Hans, Chinese authorities have ratcheted up control through a massive expansion of its security apparatuses. And yet the violence continued, with market bombings, suicide attacks, and mass stabbings that have left hundreds of Han and Uyghur civilians dead over the past decade.

Now, high-definition security cameras blanket the region, and some 200,000 cadres are being dispatched to rural villages in

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  • JAMES LEIBOLD is an Associate Professor of Politics and Asian Studies at La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia. ADRIAN ZENZ is a Lecturer in Empirical Research Methods at the European School of Culture and Theology in Korntal, Germany.
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