WHAT shall we do to secure lasting peace in the Far East after the United Nations have won the war and the Japanese have been driven out of China and the other countries which they have invaded? This raises the complicated question as to what are the essential conditions for a permanent order in the Pacific. It is so urgent that we must begin to give it serious consideration even while the fighting is still going on.
In his radio address on December 9, 1941, two days after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, President Roosevelt enumerated a series of acts of aggression committed during the past ten years by Japan and her Axis partners, beginning with Japan's invasion of Manchuria in 1931. The significance of this enumeration was apparent. It was Japan which actually started the Second World War ten years ago; and it was the failure of the League of Nations -- and, to a lesser extent, of the United States -- to curb Japanese aggression in the Far East which encouraged the European aggressors to go ahead with their audacious design for world domination.
Farsighted persons, both in government and out, are now planning seriously for a better world order after the war. In doing this we must recognize that no lasting peace is possible without achieving a permanent order in the Pacific. The reason is clear. Peace, like war, is indivisible. The problem of peace in the Pacific is complicated by special political, economic, racial and national issues which the war has either raised or aggravated. Settlement of these issues in a manner to promote the interests of the Pacific region as a whole will probably require a regional understanding; and one must consider the relationship of this regional arrangement to the world order. Moreover, from the viewpoint of political strategy, the fact that the United Nations were laying plans for a permanent order for the Pacific area once victory is won would serve to counteract Japanese propaganda for a "
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