Courtesy Reuters

Junkers to the Fore Again

WHEN examined from abroad, the elements of the political struggle in Germany are certainly most puzzling. There are the National Socialists, who formally rule; there are the Conservatives -- Junkers, big industrialists and upper bureaucracy -- who actually rule; and there is a third group, so far apparently neutral, the "Wehrmacht," as the Reichswehr is now called. There is this further complication (among many others), that there is doubt as to who is dominant even in the Nazi Party. Who are the real régisseurs for the great stage show which all the world is summoned to witness? Are the known leaders the genuine dynamos propelling German politics? Or are the "best brains" hidden from the public?

There is ground for all who know German history and the structure of German society to believe that the last of the above questions may be answered in the affirmative. It has all along been impossible for them to accept the idea that the so-called Junker class and their deep-rooted political tradition belong to a closed chapter of German history. Nor have they been turned from their conviction by vague projects of agrarian reform, the rumor of radical tendencies in the Nazi Secretary of Agriculture, the dominance of the "labor front" by a radical leftist, the murder of prominent members of the feudal class, or a score of other facts and incidents.

The entire morphology of Germany cannot be completely transformed by even such efficiently applied mass psychology as that of the Nazis. They are magicians in commanding and coordinating cheers. They are the propaganda champions of all time. The skill of these trainers of the human beast extends even to the point where they can turn the strife of their political enemies to their own advantage, as the creation of the brown shirts out of the red fighting corps proved. Press and radio, schools and universities, stage and movies, fine arts and sports, all are under their absolute domination and are made to

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