THE United Nations will have to determine before long what controls are to be imposed upon German aeronautical activities under the terms of peace. The problems involved will not be wholly unfamiliar. The twenty years between the two world wars brought us a great deal of experience about how to handle such problems, and how not to. The record of the past must be applied to the future with some reservations, however, in view of the enormous changes in aeronautical science and in the art of aircraft operation which have taken place since 1918.
There are two groups for whom the determination of the future status of German aeronautics will present no difficulty. They are the extremists who favor all-out repressive action and the extremists who favor no action at all.
For those who would treat defeated Germany as Carthage was finally treated, or who foresee the enforced destruction of German industry and the reversion of Germany to an agricultural society, it must be axiomatic that no aircraft shall be built, acquired, controlled or flown by a German.
Almost equally free from doubt should be the opposite sort of extremists, those who look forward to a postwar world in which political and economic relations remain virtually unchanged but in which the United States, and perhaps other United Nations as well, maintain a permanent and overwhelming military establishment. They would maintain peace by keeping in the hands of one or more of the victorious nations such preponderant strength that not even the most tremendous efforts of a prospective aggressor could hope to match it, rather than by imposing upon potential aggressors such restrictions and controls that a comparatively modest policing force will suffice to maintain order. They assume that a German aeronautical industry will exist, even though a German military air force is temporarily excluded. They look to a renewed struggle between the aircraft manufacturers of Germany and those of the various United Nations for export markets in military aircraft; and they expect
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