BRICS / SCO Photohost / RIA Novosti / REUTERS

India and the Iranian-Saudi Divide

Why New Delhi Hedges Its Bets

For decades, India’s commitment to nonalignment has granted it close relationships with states that are at odds with one another. During the Cold War, India refused to ally with either the Western capitalist countries or the Soviet-led Communist bloc, making use of its postcolonial legacy to nonviolently push for cooperation among the countries of the so-called Third World. Today, in the Middle East, India has successfully maintained ties with Iran, Israel, and Saudi Arabia—three countries that are locked in competition.   Given that the rivalry among those three states could eventually lead to war—endangering India’s interests in the …

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