Do Palestinians Still Support the Two-State Solution?

Why Israeli Settlements Are the Greatest Obstacle to Peace

A Palestinian demonstrator gestures as an Israeli border police officer throws a sound grenade during a protest agasint Israeli settlement construction, in the village of Ras Karkar, near Ramallah, in the occupied West Bank, August 2018 Mohamad Torokman / REUTERS

It has been 25 years since the Oslo Accords envisioned a two-state solution to the conflict between Israel and Palestine, but the fundamental challenges for Palestinians remain the same. Oslo required not only that Palestinians reconcile themselves to enormous sacrifice but that they trust Israelis to do the same. Moreover, the demands for sacrifice were far from equal. Palestinians were to permanently abandon claims to 78 percent of their homeland, while much less was asked of Israeli Jews, who would need to abandon the demand for just 22 percent of theirs.

Where the Oslo Accords were successful, it was mostly due to the bold leadership of Yasir Arafat, chair of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO), and Yitzhak Rabin, the prime minister of Israel. These leaders were willing to sign letters of mutual recognition in the final moments before signing the accords, which opened a large majority of Palestinians to the idea of relinquishing

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