Courtesy Reuters

The Pacific Pact: Looking Forward or Backward?

AN ANCIENT Korean proverb states: "You can mend with a trowel today what it will take a spade to mend tomorrow." The Republic of Korea, believing in the importance of careful advance preparations for the future, is vitally interested in the current discussion of the proposed Pacific Pact. Even in the midst of her bitter struggle for survival as a nation, Korea regards with deep interest the possibility of a security framework in the Pacific area. Her present goal, of course, is the establishment of a unified, independent and democratic Korea. But she fully realizes that--even after having achieved this goal completely--she could not long exist as a free state if peace and security had not been established on a sound basis throughout the Pacific.

The most far-sighted and efficient method of achieving stability in the Far East would be the early initiation and conclusion of a comprehensive Pacific Pact patterned broadly along the lines of the Atlantic Pact, though not restricted to a particular number of signatories. Naked Communist aggression has already erupted in Asia, and there is an urgent need to weld the heterogeneous Far Eastern states into a solid, strong and coöperative bloc.

Special Ambassador John Foster Dulles told the United Nations Association of Japan on April 23, 1951, that the United States does not intend to abandon Asia and is taking concrete steps to build up a multi-power security arrangement. To prove continued American determination to stand firmly in Asia, he said that the United States is prepared to conclude a mutual defense arrangement with Australia and New Zealand. In discussions, this is being called a "Pacific Pact." At the same time, Mr. Dulles announced that the United States has offered Japan a bilateral security arrangement, and he reiterated the words of President Truman that an armed attack upon the Philippines would be regarded by the United States "as dangerous to its own peace and safety." Furthermore, in its decision to support the United Nations stand against Communist

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