PALESTINE is a most interesting international phenomenon. For one thing, it is the last colonial land -- and the only land to be colonized since the world became more or less set in its new industrial form. Further, it is populated by two races of unequal numerical strength and governed by a third, appointed by the League of Nations and therefore in the position of world trustee, which has little direct interest but overwhelming indirect interest in the country's orderly administration and peaceful development.
Any study of the present problems of Palestine must start from the Balfour Declaration of 1917, and at the outset we had better remind ourselves of its terms: "His Majesty's Government view with favor the establishment in Palestine of a National Home for the Jewish People, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of that object, it being understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by the Jews in any other country."
This historic declaration was embodied in the Treaty of Sèvres and in the League of Nations Mandate under which the country is governed. Particular attention should be drawn to Article 6 of the latter document, couched in the following terms: "The Administration of Palestine, while ensuring that the rights and position of other sections of the population are not prejudiced, shall facilitate Jewish immigration under suitable conditions and shall encourage . . . close settlement by Jews on the land, including State lands and waste lands not required for public purposes."
A study of the pronouncements of the Arab Executive will show that their views could not be met without infringing the terms of the Balfour Declaration and of the Mandate. For what the Arab extremists object to is the establishment of a Jewish National Home in Palestine. Extremes breed extremes. And so we find Jewish extremists, the so-called Revisionists, the adoption of whose views would
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