FOR two years, now, the so-called Jugoslav question has been the subject of the most lively interest and study all over the world. In this connection a violent offensive against Jugoslavia is being directed at world public opinion by the tremendous propaganda apparatus of the Soviet Government, both in the U.S.S.R. and abroad, both directly and indirectly. This propaganda offensive aims to conceal the true essence of the conflict between the U.S.S.R. and Jugoslavia and to represent it as the result of Jugoslavia's "betrayal of Socialism" and her participation in an "imperialist plot." This inaccurate and incomplete view of the matter is further confused by the effort of certain circles to find the cause of the dispute within Jugoslavia herself -- in a sort of supposed "national Communism," or in the "inherent pride of Jugoslavs." Still others have looked on the dispute as a mere passing affair, or even as a prearranged "manœuvre" between Stalin and Tito.
Lack of precedent makes it unusually difficult for students of international relations to grasp the essence of the question through historical analogies. In fact, this dispute is both in substance and expression a completely new phenomenon, not to be explained in accustomed historical terms.
Today -- in contrast to the period before World War II -- the Soviet Union is no longer the only country in which the earlier feudal and capitalist methods of production, which kept the masses of people miserable and backward, have been replaced by new and better methods. Following the war, there emerged in Eastern Europe a whole series of countries in which profound social changes were (and are) being carried out, with greater or less success. The appearance of these countries imposed the necessity of finding a practical solution for an entirely new question, one which so far had been elaborated only theoretically in the classical works of Marxism. This is the question of the relations among countries which have reached a
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