Courtesy Reuters

Bases of American Foreign Policy During the Past Four Years

THIS article is an attempt to indicate some of the general aims and purposes which have underlain the foreign policy of the Hoover Administration. In scope it is confined to the efforts which have been made towards political stabilization and peace, and does not attempt to take up the important efforts which have been made towards economic stabilization. Its object is to explain the principal steps taken in this one direction in the light of the conceptions and purposes which underlay them. It is an attempt to show the philosophy and creed of the Administration rather than to catalogue its actions.

One fundamental postulate of the Administration was that the experience of the World War had produced among the civilized, and particularly the industrialized, nations of the world, a definite turning point in the evolution of public opinion in respect to war. We believed that the revulsion against war, developed during and after that great struggle and exemplified by the expression that it was "a war to end war," was so definite that it should not be permitted to become merely transitory, as has been the case after former wars, but that there was a real chance to make it a vehicle for a permanent, beneficial change in world organization against war. We believed that there was a reasonable probability that such a change could now be predicated upon definite economic and evolutionary facts, and that it could be relied upon as a permanent foundation for the development of a new international effort. For the first time, the full effects of the mechanical inventions of the preceding century and the subsequent revolutionary changes in industrial and social organization had been made manifest in their relations to war. The leading nations of Europe and of North America had all become much less self-contained and much more interdependent. The populations of industrialized states had become much larger and more dependent for their food and other supplies upon far distant sources. These leading sections

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