Kuomintang parade in Gannan, Tibet.

FORMOSA--symbol of the struggle between freedom and Communism in the Orient--poses a test of how far United States foreign policy can combine the ideals of freedom with the flexible realism required by the harsh facts of world politics.

Our friend and long-time ally, Chiang Kai-shek, presently holds Formosa (Taiwan); the Communists hold the mainland. We are unhappy that a great nation with the cultural traditions of China should be under the control of a totalitarian régime which does not share our belief in freedom. But for the present, at least, unless we wish to risk an all-out war, our desire to see the return of freedom to continental China cannot overcome the stark fact of the possession and control of the mainland by the Communists.

United States foreign policy seems to have three major alternative methods of dealing with Formosa. The first is to acquiesce in frightened demands (made,

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  • ARTHUR DEAN, representative of the United States and 16 other United Nations members in the Korean negotiations at Panmunjom; special United States Ambassador to Korea, 1953-54; deputy to the Secretary of State for the political conference foreseen by the Korean Armistice; senior partner in the New York law firm of Sullivan and Cromwell
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