The New Kingdom of Jugoslavia

Courtesy Reuters

ON October 3 one of the states of Europe changed its name: the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes became the Kingdom of Jugoslavia. The event passed without notice from the American press, along with the equally important action taken simultaneously by the Jugoslav Government, namely the abolition of the administrative system in existence since 1924. Since the war the official Jugoslav map has not borne the historic names of Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia, Herzegovina or Montenegro; and now the thirty-three administrative divisions, or departments, which were decreed in 1922 to supplant the old pre-war divisions have been replaced by nine provinces, or "banovines." Eight of the banovines have been named for historic rivers, the ninth being called the "Littoral Province." The influence of King Alexander is seen not only in the division of the state into larger units, each possessed of considerable local autonomy, but even in the names given them; for the Serbian army divisions were always called after the river valleys where they were recruited, and it was probably in that way that the King (a soldier before he was a statesman) got his idea for the new provincial nomenclature.

The new frontiers have been deliberately arranged to cut across old national and provincial lines, and also to diminish the importance of religious and party factors. Nevertheless, heed has been paid to the susceptibilities of the different sub-divisions of the Jugoslav race as well as to the preservation of economic unities.[i] Thus, Zagreb and Ljubljana, respectively the principal Croat and Slovene cities, retain sway over the major portions of the Croat and Slovene lands: the territory allotted Zagreb, indeed, is the second largest of any of the provinces. The other provincial centers are: Sarajevo, the principal city of Bosnia; Skoplje, the growing metropolis of Macedonia; Split, the chief port of Dalmatia; Novi Sad, a prosperous Danubian town on the former Hungarian plain; Nish, the ancient capital of little Serbia; and Banjaluka, a market town south of the Sava. Belgrade and its

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