Courtesy Reuters

LAST spring the Soviet leaders, aroused by the solemn reiteration of Titoist principles in the draft program of the Seventh Congress of the Jugoslav Communist Party, chose to open a second ideological crusade against the Belgrade heresy. Surprisingly enough, Soviet recriminations, set forth in considerable detail in various issues of the Soviet magazine, Kommunist, made no direct mention of Jugoslav economic policies, permeated as they were with "revisionist principles." The battle against revisionism had to be waged by more subtle means: the Kremlin word-mongers aimed their invectives at Tito's notion of the "gradual withering away of the state" under socialism--a notion, of course, patently at odds with Stalin's old teaching about the need to strengthen the state in the period of transition to Communism in order to repress counter-revolutionary forces.

Tito's gradualist views had provided theoretical support for his policy of loosening the bureaucracy's hold over economic life. His doctrinal

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  • JOHN MICHAEL MONTIAS, Assistant Professor of Economics, Yale University; in Poland as a Ford Foundation Fellow, 1956-57; recently on a study trip in Jugoslavia; co-author of "Institutional Changes in the Postwar Economy of Poland"
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