The International Criminal Court on Trial

A Conversation With Fatou Bensouda

Fatou Bensouda

  • Country: Gambia
  • Title: Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court

The quest for a permanent global court to try perpetrators of the world’s worst crimes began as early as 1872. But it was only in 2002 that the International Criminal Court, a standing tribunal now backed by 124 states, finally came into being. Ten years later, in 2012, Fatou Bensouda was sworn in as the ICC’s second chief prosecutor. A former deputy prosecutor at the court, Bensouda had also served as minister of justice in her home country of Gambia and worked at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. In November, she spoke with Foreign Affairs’ deputy managing editor Stuart Reid in New York.

Seven decades after Nuremberg, how far has the world really come in terms of prosecuting crimes against humanity?

Very far. After those trials, you’ve seen the establishment of the ad hoc tribunals of Rwanda, the former Yugoslavia, Sierra Leone, and East Timor to try atrocity crimes. But

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