A destroyed Soviet tank in Budapest, 1956.

This Year in History

Our Selections From November

All year, we've been highlighting historical news events—and Foreign Affairs articles about those events—as part of our "This Day in History" series. Here are our collected selections for November.

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1

1765: Stamp Act

British parliament passes the Stamp Act, imposing an additional tax on the American colonies. This "taxation without representation" became the catalyst for the American Revolution. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

2

1982: Tunnel Explosion in Afghanistan

A fuel truck collides with an army vehicle and explodes in the Salag Tunnel, killing an estimated 3,000 people, most of whom were Soviet soldiers. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

3

1986: U.S. Arms Sales to Iran Exposed

The Lebanese media reports that the United States secretly sold arms to Iran despite an embargo and its support for Iraq in the Iran-Iraq War. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

4

1956: Soviets Move to End Hungarian Revolt

After weeks of demonstrations in Hungary, the Soviet Union sends forces to Budapest and by November 10, crushes the revolution. Thousands are killed. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

5

1968: Nixon Is Elected

Richard Nixon is elected president of the United States. He would go on to normalize U.S. relations with China and become the first president to resign from office. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

6

1962: UN Resolution on Apartheid

The UN General Assembly passes a resolution calling on all countries to end economic and military ties with South Africa over its racist policies. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

7

1944: Soviet Spy Executed In Japan

As a WWII spy based in both Germany and Japan, Richard Sorge once warned Stalin of Nazi Germany's plan to invade the Soviet Union, but Stalin ignored the warning. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

8

1994: Republican Revolution

For the first time in 40 years, the Republican Party wins a majority in both chambers of Congress during midterm elections. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

9

1965: Antiwar Protestor Immolates Himself

Roger LaPorte, 22, sets himself on fire in front of UN headquarters in New York to protest the Vietnam War, a week after Norman Morrison, 32, did the same in front of the Pentagon. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

10

2001: Bush Addresses the UN

President George W. Bush gives a speech, in which he cites the threat of terrorism to the civilized world and requests the international community's help in combating it. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

11

1973: Soviet Soccer Team Boycotts World Cup

The Soviet Union refuses to play the Chilean national team in Santiago, Chile, because of the recent overthrow and death of President Salvador Allende. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

12

1982: Yuri Andropov Succeeds Brezhnev

Two days after the death of Leonid Brezhnev, Andropov assumes leadership of the Soviet Union. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

13

1970: Storm Wreaks Havoc in Bangladesh

A powerful tidal wave brought on by the Bhola cyclone kills up to 500,000 people and causes widespread destruction. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

14

1959: Kennedy Notes the Influence of Television

John F. Jennedy writes a piece for TV Guide about how television is changing American politics. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

15

1977: The Shah Visits the United States

President Jimmy Carter hosted Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the shah of Iran, to discuss peace in the Middle East. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

16

1988: Benazir Bhutto Elected In Pakistan

Benazir Bhutto was elected prime minister of Pakistan in the country's first open election in years. She also became the first woman elected leader of a Muslim country. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

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17

1989: The Velvet Revolution Begins

In Czechoslovakia, students demonstrate in Prague against communist rule. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

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18

1988: U.S. President Ronald Reagan Signs Anti-Drug Abuse Act

The bill allows the death penalty in murder cases that involve drug trafficking. It also calls for the appointment of a national director of drug policy. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

19

1942: Soviet Union Launches Counteroffensive

General Georgi Zhukov leads Soviet forces in an operation to take back Stalingrad from Nazi Germany. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

20

1967: Student Protests Against Napalm

Students at San Jose State College protest against the Dow Chemical Company and its production of napalm. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

21

1986: NSC Staffer Tries to Cover Up Iran-Contra Affair

Oliver North, a National Secuirty Council employee, begins secretly shredding documents that could link him to the illegal sale of weapons to Iran and the funding of anti-communist Contras in Nicaragua. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

22

1963: JFK Assassinated

While riding in his motorcade through Dealey Plaza in downtown Dallas, Texas, John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th U.S. president, is shot. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

23

1940: Romania Signs Tripartite Agreement

Romania aligns itself with Germany, Italy, and Japan and becomes an Axis power in exchange for Soviet protection. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

24

1922: Erskine Childers Executed

Robert Erskine Childers, a popular author and leader of the Irish Republican Army, is executed in Dublin for illegal possession of a gun. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

25

1986: Full Extent of Iran-Contra Affair Is Revealed

Attorney General Edwin Meese reveals that funds from secret arms sales to Iran had been diverted to support the anti-communist contras in Nicaragua, violating the Boland Amendment. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

26

1950: China Launches Counterattacks in South Korea

The Chinese drive U.S. and South Korean forces out of North Korea, ending the American "Home by Christmas" offensive and prolonging the war. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

27

1957: Nehru's Nuclear Disarmament Speech

During the Cold War, Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru appeal to the United States and the Soviet Union for nuclear disarmament. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

28

2002: Mombasa Bombing

Suicide bombers blow up an Israeli-owned hotel in Mombasa, Kenya. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

29

1947: UN Votes for Partitioning Palestine

The UN General Assembly adopts a resolution recommending the creation of independent Arab and Jewish States. It is not implemented and instead, leads to the 1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

30

1993: Brady Bill Signed into Law

U.S. President Bill Clinton signs the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, which mandated federal background checks on firearm purchasers in the United States. Read more about it in the Foreign Affairs archive.

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