In This Review
Xinjiang: China's Muslim Borderland

Xinjiang: China's Muslim Borderland

Edited by S. Frederick Starr

M. E. Sharpe, 2004, 528 pp.
Xinjiang -- China's Muslim Far Northwest

Xinjiang -- China's Muslim Far Northwest

By Michael Dillon

Routledge Curzon, 2003, 201 pp.
Wild West China: The Taming of Xinjiang

Wild West China: The Taming of Xinjiang

By Christian Tyler

John Murray, 2003, 320 pp.

After 1949, Beijing's brutal pacification of Xinjiang—a vast province in western China—was almost completely ignored in the West for the next 40 years. Unlike other groups persecuted by China (such as the Tibetans), Xinjiang's Muslim inhabitants, the Uighurs, have had no charismatic, English-speaking spokesperson or unified exile organization; the Uighurs' few prominent exiles lived in Turkey, and they spent most of their time squabbling among themselves. Xinjiang thus rarely made it onto the agenda of foreign governments, and with the region largely closed to foreigners, few academics or human rights groups could study it.

Within the past decade, however, news

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