Last week, Abdullah Ocalan, the leader of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), declared a cease-fire in his party’s nearly three-decade-long struggle with the Turkish state. Before then, the insurgency -- which had claimed some 40,000 lives -- had seemed intractable. Ankara’s attempts to put it down had only inflamed Kurdish nationalism and made the PKK stronger. But with Ocalan now apparently ready to try to resolve differences peacefully, the prospects that the uprising will come to an end have improved.
Ocalan’s announcement came at an opportune time. Several factors had already made the moment ripe for peace. First,
Source URL: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/turkey/2013-03-27/why-erdogan-wants-peace-pkk