Boys on their way to fill water jugs pass a cross marking a burial site for earthquake and the cholera victims outside Port-au-Prince, January 10, 2011.
Allison Shelley / Courtesy Reuters

One October night in 2010, Jacqueline Olonville woke up with sharp pains in her stomach. She rushed to the toilet behind her home in the village of Bocozelle, Haiti, but she could not relieve the pain or stop the relentless diarrhea that soon followed. When she tried to stand up, she began vomiting. Her legs gave out underneath her. Some of her older children heard her cries. They borrowed a neighbor’s motorbike and rushed her across the pitted dirt roads to the nearest hospital. There, they found a panicky staff already tending to dozens of others in similar distress. It

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