Indian army soldiers walk after a gunbattle with suspected militants at Khrew, south of Srinagar, April 13, 2014.
Danish Ismail / Courtesy Reuters

When al Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri vowed last week to “raise the flag of jihad” in India, it was tempting to dismiss the announcement as an idle threat. India has a significant Muslim population -- approximately 14 percent of the total -- but it has mostly been insulated from violent extremism. Indian Muslims have generally not been among the foreign fighters who have joined the transnational Islamist cause; they haven’t been prominent among the militants who aided the Taliban in Afghanistan or those who have more recently traveled to Iraq and Syria to join the Islamic State of Iraq and

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