Courtesy Reuters


IN the great painted hall of the Ministry of War on September 15, 1923 -- two days after the coup d'état -- General Primo de Rivera announced that within a few weeks he expected the Spanish people to designate capable citizens to whom the duties of administration might be confided. General elections were to be held forthwith, and the electors, unfettered by allegiance to any political group, were to pronounce their will. It was not his intention to undermine the Constitution. Responsibilities in all branches of government, civil, military and judicial, were to be strictly exacted. Former

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