Courtesy Reuters

THE Congress of the United States passed the so-called Jones Act which in its preamble made the statement that "it is and always has been the purpose of the people of the United States to withdraw their sovereignty over the Philippine Islands and to recognize their independence as soon as a stable government can be established therein." The attempt was made in the Senate to amend this preamble so that independence was to be granted when in the judgment of the United States it would be "to the permanent benefit of the Philippine Islands." But when it was realized that

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