Courtesy Reuters

PLANNING is thinking ahead with a view to action. It is thus an organic ingredient in the whole process of conducting foreign affairs, not the monopoly of a cloistered few. Indeed, most planning, and some of the weightiest, is neither so labelled nor done by planners so called. In the interest of furthering progress in the art, it may be useful to discuss the nature of planning in foreign affairs and some of the practical problems involved.

The urgency of planning in our age of international flux and danger needs no argument. It is perhaps less often remarked that the

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