Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi Mohammed bin Zayed with Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, November 2019
WAM / Handout / REUTERS

As U.S. President Joe Biden explores returning to the Iran nuclear deal, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE)—two of only three countries in the world that opposed the agreement—insist that they must be included in future negotiations over its fate. Their inclusion, representatives of the two countries argue, would rectify the agreement’s supposed flaw: its failure to rein in Tehran’s regional policies.

But in truth, Riyadh and Abu Dhabi have less interest in strengthening the nuclear deal than in sustaining the enmity between the United States and Iran. When the original deal was

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