The German edition of this book was noted a few years ago, but it is of sufficient importance to warrant a special note on this very welcome English edition. Kohn has written one of the few really outstanding books on the recent developments in the Near East and India. His work is based throughout on sound knowledge of the history and literature of this area and is buttressed with an extensive bibliography which is almost unique in this field. The book is not properly speaking historical, but aims to set forth the origins of the national movement and to explain the various factors that went into its making. The discussion of the position of the Great Powers, like Great Britain and Russia, is especially illuminating, and is presented with great detachment. This is more than a piece of ephemeral political writing, and is a book that should be at the elbow of every student of Near Eastern affairs.