Many people have been puzzled by Mussolini's utterances on foreign affairs and have had some difficulty in reconciling the word and the action. Recently one of the Duce's ablest opponents, Professor Salvemini, has written a devastating criticism of Italian policy in the last ten years. The present writer, while she does not, like Salvemini, quote chapter and verse, has made the attempt to recount and analyze and explain what the Fascist régime has tried to do and what it has accomplished in international affairs. Her main source has been the speeches of the Premier himself, and the book as a whole may be taken as a Fascist version. It meets a need long felt by students of international relations.