The author of this volume was formerly chief of the Far Eastern Division of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. Provoked by the talk of sanctions to force the retreat of Japan from the mainland of Asia, he set himself the task of presenting the other side of the case. His book, which is written with candor and in a lively style, hinges chiefly on a review of the Japanese position in the world and upon a survey of China's relations with the other nations. Some of his statements are obviously open to debate. The general conclusion reached is that Japan has been motivated in her Manchurian policy by the urgent pressure of economic factors and that, in view of this situation, no amount of legal hair-splitting, no long-range action by the League of Nations, no boycotts and no moralizing is apt to be of any avail.