Mr. Gedye, Central European correspondent for the New York Times, was stationed at Vienna from 1925 until his expulsion after the Anschluss. He thus enjoyed an unrivalled opportunity for observing at close range the downfall of the Austrian Republic. This he recounts in full and graphic detail. His narrative makes it plain that Austria lost her independence because her clerico-Fascist ruling clique had destroyed its moral right to survive by warring on the working class and because Austria's foreign " friends," especially Mussolini, failed her in her hours of need. The last chapters deal with the Czecho-Slovak crisis as seen from Prague. Mr. Gedye's own militantly democratic point of view sometimes obtrudes, and one feels that he is not so scrupulously accurate in describing events where he was not present as he is in his eye-witness accounts. Nevertheless this engrossing book is a reportorial masterpiece.