The author is an historian and scholar who has served Argentina in various capacities, including that of Ambassador and Foreign Minister. He is suspicious of American hemispheric solidarity, proclaiming himself to be instead a "universalist." He regards the Atlantic Ocean not as a boundary but as an "interior sea" of the Western World. In this book he seeks to justify his policy, notably in regard to the Rio de Janeiro Conference of Foreign Ministers and Argentina's failure to break with the Axis at that time. The last chapter consists of a refutation of Sumner Welles' account of the implications of this Conference as set forth in Chapter 5 of his "The Time for Decision."