Appointed German Ambassador to Italy under the Weimar Republic, Ulrich von Hassell retained this post until dropped by Ribbentrop in 1937. He later served in sundry capacities at home and abroad, but by 1938 had decided to work secretly against Hitler. He and his fellow conspirators wanted a return to the Bismarckian Reich, though von Hassell seems to have sensed the impossibility of this. He was executed in September 1944 in the Nazi clean-up after the nearly successful attempt on the Fuehrer's life of July 20. This is a translation, with an introduction by Allen W. Dulles, of "Vom Andern Deutschland" (Zürich: Atlantis, 1947, 416 p.).