In This Review

The Origin of the Communist Autocracy: Political Opposition in the Soviet State--First Phase, 1917-1922
The Origin of the Communist Autocracy: Political Opposition in the Soviet State--First Phase, 1917-1922
By Leonard Schapiro
Harvard University Press, 1955, 397 pp.

A valuable account of the struggle among the various revolutionary groups-- Bolsheviks, Socialist Revolutionaries, Left SR's, Left Communists and Mensheviks --in the first years after the Revolution. The author, who has a nice combination of detachment and critical insight, does a much-needed service in bringing the opposition groups to the fore and in puncturing a number of Communist legends.