In This Review

Sino-Soviet Diplomatic Relations, 1917-1926
Sino-Soviet Diplomatic Relations, 1917-1926
By Sow-Theng Leong
University of Hawaii Press, 1976, 361 pp

To anyone interested in the likely future of Sino-Soviet relations, this superb historical study is indispensable background. Based on Nationalist archives, it vividly demonstrates the continuity between Soviet and Imperial Tsarist policy toward China even in the very first decade of Bolshevik rule. For all they were revolutionaries, the Bolsheviks nevertheless were preoccupied with national security: they quickly detached Outer Mongolia from the Chinese republic and reestablished Russian dominance in north Manchuria. Underlying the Sino-Soviet relationship even then, at a time of relative harmony, was an intense, protracted conflict between rival nationalisms.