Of particular interest in this portion of the Murphy Commission Report are the analysis and recommendations of Lloyd and Susanne Rudolph, two political scientists from the University of Chicago. The analysis is of U.S. policy in South Asia during the Johnson and Nixon Administrations; the recommendations have implications that go far beyond this period. The Rudolphs contend that substantive knowledge of areas and the power to make decisions are too far apart in the U.S. government. They would eliminate all nine of the functional bureaus in the State Department, and create an Assistant Secretary Policy Planning Council, composed of the assistant secretaries of the geographic bureaus, mandated to manage policies in ways that take account of differing regional perspectives. The NSC should be limited to narrowly defined military and intelligence agendas (as was originally intended) and a leaner State Department would then have primacy in formulating and conducting foreign policy. The Rudolphs offer many other useful suggestions for coping with the general pathology associated with presidential secrecy.
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