In This Review

The Foreign Policy of Modern Japan
The Foreign Policy of Modern Japan
Edited by Robert A. Scalapino
University of California Press, 1977, 445 pp
Policymaking in Contemporary Japan
Policymaking in Contemporary Japan
Edited by T. J. Pempel
Cornell University Press, 1977, 345 pp

Both volumes explore in considerable detail the background of the Japanese foreign policymaking process. Of many excellent essays in both volumes, two exceptionally striking contributions in the Scalapino volume are by Masataka Kosaka and by Scalapino himself. Kosaka probes the roots and contradictions of Japan's defensive and nationalistic foreign economic policy, and Scalapino concludes that Japan "may find no sweeping alternatives to its present policies that would offer better opportunities."