For every two men in uniform, the Department of Defense has one civilian employee. This Brookings study looks at an almost totally neglected dimension of the U.S. defense establishment and finds much that is wrong. As the manpower costs in the defense budget increase and the volunteer army comes under recruitment pressure, a critical reevaluation seeking the proper mix of jobs to be handled by military, civilians and outside contractors is urgently needed. A merit of this work is that it acknowledges that any reforms will have to face political and bureaucratic hurdles.
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