In This Review

Alternative Development Strategies and Appropriate Technology
Alternative Development Strategies and Appropriate Technology
By Romesh K. Diwan and Dennis Livingston
Pergamon Press, 1979, 255 pp.
Appropriate Technologies for Third World Development
Appropriate Technologies for Third World Development
Edited by Austin Robinson
St. Martin's, 1979, 417 pp.

As their title suggests, Diwan and Livingston (who teach in American colleges) string together some very large subjects. They are at their best when showing that what makes technology "appropriate" depends on the aims of those in charge. Their analysis of conventional development (by now quite conventional itself) leads them to prefer alternative strategies. The International Economic Association's volume edited by Robinson provides much empirical analysis as well as many efforts to nail down the relationship between appropriate technology and economic efficiency.