Which Way Is South Africa Going; The Apartheid Regime; Martyrs and Fanatics: South Africa and Human Destinies

In This Review

Which Way Is South Africa Going

by Gwendolen M. Carter
Indiana University Press, 1980
256 pp. $12.95
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The Apartheid Regime

by Edited by Robert M. Price and Carl G. Rosberg
Institute of International Studies, University of California, 1980
376 pp. $8.95
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Martyrs and Fanatics: South Africa and Human Destinies

by Peter Dreyer
Simon and Schuster, 1980
255 pp. $11.95
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Each of these three books addresses the question inevitably posed about South Africa: Where is the country headed, and to what end? Carter's study provides a great deal of up-to-date information on a broad spectrum of issues-separate development, trade unionism, contenders for black leadership-and temporizes on the main question. The contributors to Price and Rosberg's first-rate collection, including some of the most distinguished South African analysts, draw equally cautious conclusions. Most thought-provoking is Lawrence Schlemmer's essay on changing attitudes among whites and blacks, indicating broad white acceptance of a multiracial parliamentary scheme going significantly beyond current government policy, as well as substantial approval among a group of urban blacks for a black-white condominium in the country. Dreyer's is the wild card here-veering from the saga of jailed Afrikaner poet Breyten Breytenbach to a moving chronicle of individual blacks suffering at the hands of the white security system, and finally to a brief against the activities of white communists within the main South African liberation movement. Through sharply delineated historical and contemporary images, the expatriate South African journalist conveys the pervasive fear on both sides of the black-white divide, from its inception to the present moment.