A prominent Soviet social scientist explores Mao's ideology and psyche. This is a book from which Westerners can profit. Burlatsky sees three choices for China: "The first is to restore friendship and cooperation with the U.S.S.R. and other socialist countries. This is the natural path for China if it wants to return to socialist construction and desires disinterested assistance . . . for the modernization of its economy." The other two are "the path of maneuvering between the U.S.S.R. and the U.S.A." and the path which China has been following for 15 years, "a path of rapprochement with the capitalist West on a platform of joint struggle against the U.S.S.R."